• Specialties & Treatment Options

    What is Bariatric Surgery?

    Weight loss and metabolic surgery is also called bariatric surgery, the name for a variety of procedures that help people lose weight or treat metabolic diseases, like diabetes.

    Benefits of Bariatric Surgery

    Research shows that bariatric surgery can be an effective and healthy way to lose weight, manage chronic conditions and live longer. According to the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery (ASMBS), weight loss and metabolic surgery is safe and effective:

    • Bariatric surgery reduces the risk of premature death by 30-40 percent.
    • Today’s procedures help prevent, improve or resolve more than 40 obesity-related diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, sleep apnea and certain cancer.
    • Patients lose as much as 77 percent of excess weight 12 months after surgery.
    • Patients maintain 50 percent of their weight loss five years after surgery.
    • Bariatric surgery is safer than gallbladder surgery and hip replacement. The risk of serious complications is four percent.

    Find the Weight Loss Surgery That’s Right for You

    Today, there are more weight loss surgery options than ever before. Learn about the procedures and treatment options available at Anne Arundel Medical Center (AAMC):

  • Gastric Sleeve illustrationLaparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is a permanent weight loss surgery that has grown in popularity over the last few years. Patients lose, on average, about 60 percent of their excess weight.

    Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, often just called sleeve surgery, removes about 80 percent of the stomach. Your surgeon creates a thin, vertical stomach pouch that is roughly the size of a banana.

    Similar to other weight loss surgeries, sleeve surgery reduces the amount of food that your stomach can hold. The surgery may also impact hormones in the gut that trigger hunger, fullness and blood sugar control.

    After surgery, your body still digests food naturally. Food passes through the entire digestive track and absorbs into the body.

    Gastric Bypass IllustrationLaparoscopic gastric bypass is an effective, permanent option for weight loss surgery. Patients typically lose 65-70 percent of their body weight within the first 12 months.

    For this procedure, your surgeon creates a small stomach pouch and directly attaches it to a lower section of your small intestine.

    With a smaller stomach pouch, you feel full sooner and stay full longer. As you eat less food, your body stops storing excess calories and starts using its fat supply for energy.

    Gastric bypass surgery doesn’t change the way your body digests food. Food passes through the entire digestive track and is absorbed into the body. However, food spends less time in the small intestine, which may help reduce the amount of fat and calories absorbed into the body.

    Using a stapling device, the surgeon creates a small pouch from the stomach and connects it to the small bowel. Unlike the Gastric Bypass, there is only one connection to the small intestine. This makes the procedure less invasive and requires less time in the operating room. The one-anastomosis gastric bypass aids in loss weight through less caloric intake and malabsorption. Patients feel fuller faster and absorb less nutrients, calories and fat.

    Gastric Lap Band IllustrationOur experienced team is here to walk you through your options if you experience any serious issues or aren’t receiving the results you want from a previous lap band surgery. Common side effects of lap band surgery include nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. The lap band may also cause erosions, strictures or prolapse.

    We can help if you’re facing lap band complications. We provide a full evaluation, including diagnostic studies to pinpoint what’s causing your issues. Then, our experienced surgeons perform laparoscopic surgery to remove your lap band.

    You may choose to undergo laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy or gastric bypass after removal of the band to help you achieve your weight loss and metabolic goals.

    Occasionally, patients who undergo bariatric surgery may experience complications like nausea, vomiting, chronic abdominal pain or malnutrition. If you’ve worked with your surgeon to resolve these issues and cannot, you may be a candidate for revisional surgery.

    We offer a personalized evaluation to assess and diagnose the cause of your symptoms. We perform laparoscopic surgery to correct many sources of complications including revision of strictures, ulcers, removal of overgrown scar tissue and many other issues.


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